Japan Elections and Market Update

On September 3, 2021, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga announced his decision to not run in the upcoming ruling Liberal Democratic Party leadership race later this month. Portfolio Manager Shuntaro Takeuchi provides his thoughts on the current political environment and outlook for Japanese equities.

Why did Prime Minister Suga decide not to run?

Prime Minister Suga has faced severe criticism for his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. While he succeeded in negotiating and securing vaccines for Japan and the current vaccination rate is a respectable one million shots a day, the country is still under a state of emergency and Prime Minister Suga’s most recent August approval rating sank to below 30%. Another blow to Prime Minister Suga was the Yokohama mayoral election win of opposition-backed Takeharu Yamanaka, who defeated a ruling Liberal Democratic Party candidate in August. Yokohama is the capital of Kanagawa prefecture—home to the constituency of Suga's seat in the House of Representatives.

What is next in Japan’s political calendar?

There will be two elections. On September 29, 2021, an internal election within the current ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) will be held to select LDP leadership. The winner of the LDP leadership race is expected to replace Suga as prime minister given the LDP's majority in parliament. The next election will be the general election of members of the lower house of parliament, which is expected to be sometime in November. The terms of the current members of the lower house run until October 21. However, Prime Ministers reserve the right to dissolve the lower house and can call for a snap election. So the new Prime Minister to replace Suga can let the lower house carry out the full term or call for a snap election.

Do you expect the election of the new prime minister to be handled fairly smoothly and quickly? Who are the front runners?

The sudden decision by Prime Minister Suga to step aside has shaken up this month’s leadership race, but we expect it to be handled quickly. We think there are three front runner candidates: former Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida who was previously considered an heir to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and came in second in the LDP leadership vote last year, following Abe’s resignation; Abe’s former Internal Affairs Minister Sanae Takaichi, who if elected, would become Japan’s first female Prime Minister; and Japan’s vaccination program leader Taro Kono, who appears to be in the lead based on early polls.

What are the potential implications for Japan’s equity markets?

While it remains too soon to say how the LDP leadership election will play out, we think the risk of the ruling coalition of the LDP and Komeito political parties suffering a major loss in the upcoming general election has been significantly scaled back regardless of who the next LDP leader will be.

The Japanese equity market has lagged other developed markets this year, but since late August and especially since Suga’s announcement, it is starting to catch up. Generally speaking, Japan’s equity market has historically risen ahead of general elections, and further continued to rise when LDP secured a standalone majority.

What is your outlook for Japanese equities?

After the sharp underperformance year to date this year, Japanese equities were slight regional outperformers in August, and we think Japan is poised to make a comeback, driven by earnings momentum. Going forward, we believe Japan can still enjoy higher equity prices as countries linked to the global economy, like Japan, should fare better as prospects for exports improve. From a structural point of view, we continue to believe the earnings capability of Japanese companies has improved meaningfully over the past economic cycle, driven by better corporate governance and a higher focus on capital efficiency. We believe multiyear trends such as productivity growth and innovation in health care, technology and material science—where Japanese corporations historically excelled versus global peers—not only remain intact, but will accelerate.


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The views and information discussed in this report are as of the date of publication, are subject to change and may not reflect current views. The views expressed represent an assessment of market conditions at a specific point in time, are opinions only and should not be relied upon as investment advice regarding a particular investment or markets in general. Such information does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell specific securities or investment vehicles. Investment involves risk. Investing in international and emerging markets may involve additional risks, such as social and political instability, market illiquidity, exchange-rate fluctuations, a high level of volatility and limited regulation. Investing in small- and mid-size companies is more risky and volatile than investing in large companies as they may be more volatile and less liquid than larger companies. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The information contained herein has been derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate at the time of compilation, but no representation or warranty (express or implied) is made as to the accuracy or completeness of any of this information. Matthews Asia and its affiliates do not accept any liability for losses either direct or consequential caused by the use of this information.